Untitled Document

ORL Baseline Study & Development of Case Studies

A search to identify available data and assess its usefulness to the action will precede the field work. A desktop review of all existing ORL related information available at forest district level for the last three (3) years will be undertaken. This will include analysis of possibly available information on: delineation of ORL areas (boundaries, maps, etc.) category of "owners" giving logging consent (land owners, tenant farmers, etc.), number of trees harvested per off reserve TUC and farm land; tree species harvested by source; volume harvested; stumpage paid by contractor to land owner/farmer/other for trees harvested in source area; type and extent of crop damage caused per source; methodology used for compensation calculation; compensation paid by contractor to farmer for crop damage; fees paid by contractor to FSD; formal agreement signed between contractor and land owner/ farmer, if any; role played by the FC in the process; and the FC/RMSC monitoring of ORL in the communities.

The report to be produced on the baseline will highlight the following information: framework for accessing logging rights from land owners and/or farmers at various ORL/traditional areas, how ORLs are delineated to clearly identify timber source, overview of volumes and species harvested over the past 3 years at the selected FDs; amount paid for harvested trees to farmers over the past 3 years at the selected FDs; trees paid to farmers as % of perceived ownership; type and extent of crop damage caused and estimation of damage value; crop damage calculation method applied; amount compensated to farmers for crop damage due to ORL during the past 3 years in the selected FDs; amount paid by contractors to FC; amount paid by contractors to others; % of cases in which a formal agreement was signed between the farmer and the contractor; the number and % of cases in which the agreement was signed in advance of the start of logging operations; and information on the monitoring and controlling role by the FC during the past 3 years and in the selected FDs.At least 4 case studies will be developed to illustrate the experiences of the main stakeholders in a detailed and structured way.

Development of Guidelines/Protocols and Training

The ORL baseline report will be used as a basis to develop various tools for validation, training, sensitization and discussion for adoption by the FC and inclusion in the LAS for responsible ORL. The tools to be developed include: simple guide for communities and FC staff in monitoring community benefits on ORL; guidelines for the integration of procedures for ORL negotiation processes in the internal monitoring and reporting system of the FC; guidelines for communities, LCs and TAs on responsible ORL negotiation and implementation; ORL procedures for FC staff in monitoring ORL negotiations; and framework on fair compensation estimation for communities, FC and LCs.

The baseline report and the tools developed will be used to improve the knowledge and capacity of forest fringe communities, FC staff and logging companies on responsible ORL as it relates to the Ghana Legality Standard. This will enable the FC to appreciate its relevance and incorporate it in their monitoring and reporting systems; the logging companies will get to understand the legality implication on infringing on community rights to appropriate compensation on their operations; and communities will become empowered to demand responsible ORL. This will be done through the following:

  • Sensitization of communities, contractors and traditional authorities on FLEGT, LAS and responsible ORL through Civil Society Coalitions (eg FWG, NFF-G, etc) and the media.
  • Pilot training for representatives of 20 selected communities, 10 LCs and 20 TAs on responsible ORL negotiation and implementation and fair compensation calculation.
  • Pilot training of 30 relevant FC staff on ORL negotiation procedures.

The baseline report and the tools developed were presented for adoption into the timber legality verification protocols of the LAS, which is still being developed. The lessons learned (part of the project upscale strategy document will have to be incorporated into protocols for FC staff and the outcomes broadly shared through workshops and the internet (webpage). Future funding is being sourced to upscale the project lessons, train additional FC staff and sensitize more communities, contractors and traditional authorities on responsible ORL and compensation in the remaining forest districts of Ghana.